Everything you need to know about syllogism


When you can make a logical argument with the help of deductive reasoning, it is known as syllogism. You can look for a syllogism pdf from leading online platforms of bank preparation examinations. So, what exactly is a syllogism? Although you might find syllogism a weird word, it is easily understandable. The word “syllogism” is taken from the Greek word “syllogisms”, which means inference or conclusion. For instance, roses are flowers, and you are holding a rose. It concludes as you have a flower. There are various types of syllogism, and you can quickly and effortlessly solve them with different tips and tricks. Continue reading this article to learn all about it. 

What are the types of syllogism?

Some types of syllogism include conditional syllogism, categorical syllogism and disjunctive syllogism. Following are the three types you must know about.

  1. Conditional syllogism: Conditional syllogism is also called a hypothetical syllogism. In this concept, the conclusion can be accurate if the major premise is accurate. Also, the minor premise is not usually mentioned in this syllogism. For instance, if C is true, D is also true. As the name suggests, most arguments might not have accurate, hypothetical or conditional proof. For example, Raj will join the cricket team if he works hard. In this syllogism, it is only possible for Raj to get into the cricket team by working hard. After all, if he works hard, he can play better and get into the cricket team effortlessly. As a result, proving that hard work matters. Another example is, “if Sneha eats sweets, she will be at risk.” So, the conditional or hypothetical syllogism concludes that Sneha will put herself at risk only if she consumes sweets. So, essentially, it proves that she must not eat a lot of sweets.
  1. Categorical syllogism: Categorical syllogisms comprise three premises or propositions in which three statements are made. For example, X is a part of Y. In that case, Z is also a part of Y. So, essentially, X and Z are members of Y. An example includes a statement like “all human beings are mortal” being a major premise or proposition. The minor premise is Aristotle is a human being. So, the conclusion will be Aristotle is mortal. It means that both propositions are accurate by historical facts or observations. And if they both are correct, the conclusion will undoubtedly be valid. Since the inference is based on reasoning, it must not necessarily represent the truth. 
  1. Disjunctive syllogism: This is also called MTP (Modus Tollendo Ponens), which means a mode that can be denied. One of the propositions will consist of an argument form with a disjunctive statement. And one statement can be accurate or true. For instance, you can check the significant premise statements such as “Priya will go to Bali or Priya will go back to London.” The minor premise is Priya will not go back to London. Hence, the conclusion is Priya will go to Bali. In this syllogism, the conclusion is derived from the minor premise. 

What are some tips and tricks for solving syllogisms?

You must pay attention to specific words, such as at least, a few, all, some, etc., to help solve the questions. A fantastic trick is to solve Venn diagram questions, allowing the explanation to be simplified. You must not make any assumptions while solving the questions. You must only follow the data provided in the syllogism questions. 

You can download the syllogism pdf file from leading bank examination preparation platforms. Make sure you practise every day. Indeed, you will attain good scores when you practise from the pdf files.

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